Phoenix 1.5 PETAL Stack Setup - w/ asdf

Phoenix, Elixir, TailwindCSS, AlpineJS, LiveView - PETAL Stack

I have been enjoying the tools associated with Elixir and exploring the frontend. LiveView helps make that more intuitive and when that isn’t enough, AlpineJS is a lightweight JS tool with a similar syntax as Vue.

Install asdf - and required software

On a Mac I used Homebrew:

brew install asdf
echo -e '\n. $(brew --prefix asdf)/asdf.sh' >> ~/.bash_profile
echo -e '\n. $(brew --prefix asdf)/etc/bash_completion.d/asdf.bash' >> ~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile  # (or open a new terminal)

Now you can install asdf software packages:

asdf plugin-add erlang
asdf plugin-add elixir
asdf plugin-add nodejs
asdf plugin-add Postgres

Now you need to install the desired versions (usually the newest) - currently:

asdf list all erlang
asdf install erlang 23.3.1

# note the elixir version otp must match the erlang version!
asdf list all elixir
asdf install elixir 1.11.4-otp-23

# asdf install elixir 1.11.4-otp-24
# if you mismatch elixir with erlang you will get errors like:
# {"init terminating in do_boot",{undef,[{elixir,start_cli,[],[]},{init,start_em,1,[]},{init,do_boot,3,[]}]}}

asdf list all nodejs
asdf install nodejs lts-fermium

asdf list all Postgres
asdf install Postgres 13.2

Get the newest Phoenix Hex Package

Once you have established you have the requrements - the download the newest version of Phoenix (go to: https://hexdocs.pm/phoenix/installation.html#phoenix to see the newest version) - at the time of this writing its 1.5.8 - be sure its installed using:

mix archive.install hex phx_new 1.5.8

create / config a project

First we will creat the folder / project location

mkdir fenix

Now we will tell it which software to use:

touch fenix/.tool-versions
cat <<EOF >>fenix/.tool-versions
erlang 23.3.1
elixir 1.11.4-otp-23
Postgres 13.2
nodejs lts-Fermium
EOF

Create a new Phoenix Project

https://carlyleec.medium.com/create-an-elixir-phoenix-app-with-asdf-e918649b4d58

Now you can simply do:

mix phx.new fenix --live
cd fenix
mix ecto.create
mix phx.server

assuming all is good lets configure git:

git init
git add .
git commit -m "initial Phoneix install with LiveView"

install & test Alpine JS

https://underjord.io/getting-started-with-petal.html https://dockyard.com/blog/2020/12/21/optimizing-user-experience-with-liveview

cd assets
npm install alpinejs

Now change app.js is to require our new setup:

# assets/js/app.js
// .. after the app.scss import add:
import Alpine from "alpinejs";

still in assets/js/app.js find:let liveSocket = new LiveSocket("/live", Socket, {params: {_csrf_token: csrfToken}})`

and change to:

let liveSocket =
    new LiveSocket("/live",
                    Socket,
                    { params: {_csrf_token: csrfToken},
                      dom: {
                        onBeforeElUpdated(from, to){
                          if(from.__x){ Alpine.clone(from.__x, to) }
                        }
                    } }
                  )

TEST by adding to the end of: lib/fenix_web/live/page_live.html.leex

<section>
  <h2>Alpine JS Installed</h2>
  <div x-data="{name:''}">
    <label for="name">Name:</label>
    <input id="name" type="text" x-model="name" />
    <p><br><b><em>Output:</em></b> <span x-text="name"></p>
  </div>
</section>

test with: mix phx.server

when typing the name should appear below!

let’s snapshot:

git add .
git commit -m "phoenix with alpine js"

Integrating Tailwind into phoenix

https://pragmaticstudio.com/tutorials/adding-tailwind-css-to-phoenix https://fullstackphoenix.com/tutorials/get-started-with-tailwind-in-phoenix

This source gives several options - here we install with postcss-import (for components from the beginning):

cd assets
npm install tailwindcss postcss autoprefixer [email protected]  postcss-import --save-dev

touch postcss.config.js
cat <<EOF > postcss.config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: {
    "postcss-import": {},
    tailwindcss: {},
    autoprefixer: {}
  }
}
EOF

now open: assets/webpack.config.js and find:

{
	test: /\.[s]?css$/,
	use: [
		MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
		'css-loader',
		'sass-loader',
	],
}

change too (add 'postcss-loader' between 'css-loader' & 'sass-loader'):

{
	test: /\.[s]?css$/,
	use: [
		MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
		'css-loader',
		'postcss-loader',
		'sass-loader',
	],
}

now initialize tailwind config with:

npx tailwindcss init

this creates the file tailwind.config.js we will replace the purge: [], section with:

purge: [
    '../lib/**/*.ex',
    '../lib/**/*.leex',
    '../lib/**/*.eex',
    './js/**/*.js'
  ],

Now the fill will look like:

module.exports = {
  purge: [
    '../lib/**/*.ex',
    '../lib/**/*.leex',
    '../lib/**/*.eex',
    './js/**/*.js'
  ],
  darkMode: false, // or 'media' or 'class'
  theme: {
    extend: {},
  },
  variants: {
    extend: {},
  },
  plugins: [],
}

now in assets/package.json find:

  "scripts": {
    "deploy": "webpack --mode production",
    "watch": "webpack --mode development --watch"
  },

and change this to:

  "scripts": {
    "deploy": "NODE_ENV=production webpack --mode production",
    "watch": "webpack --mode development --watch"
  },

we will create a file for our custom styles the assets/css/custom-style.css file:

# assuming you are still in the assets directory on the cli
touch css/custom-styles.css

Let’s also create our a custom component (we will make buttons for a counter to be sure tailwind and aplineJS are playing well together):

# assuming you are still in the assets directory on the cli
mkdir css/components
touch css/components/buttons.css
cat <<EOF > css/components/buttons.css
@layer components {
  .btn-redish {
    @apply bg-red-300 hover:bg-red-600 text-blue-800 font-bold py-2 px-4 rounded;
  }
  .btn-greenish {
    @apply bg-green-300 hover:bg-green-600 text-blue-800 font-bold py-2 px-4 rounded;
  }
}
EOF

Now will will configure Phoenix to load Tailwind, our custom-styles and our custom-components – DO THIS AT THE TOP OF the file assets/css/app.scss (@imports must be before all else):

/* Import tailwind - with postcss-import installed */
@import "tailwindcss/base";
@import "tailwindcss/components";
@import "tailwindcss/utilities";

/* custom styles - put after base imports! */
@import "./custom-styles.css";

/* import custom components */
@import "./components/buttons.css";

/* default phoenix styles - eventually remove */
@import "./phoenix.css";

add a test html from tailwind to the end of: lib/fenix_web/live/page_live.html.leex

<section class="grid grid-cols-1 gap-4">
  <div>
    <h2 class="text-red-500 text-5xl font-bold text-center">Tailwind CSS with AlpineJS</h2>
    <p class="mt-5 font-bold text-center">Red Title with Colored Counter Buttons</p>
  </div>
  <div class="mt-10 flex justify-center" x-data="{ count: 0 }">
    <button class="btn-redish" x-on:click="count--">Decrement</button>
    <code>count: </code><code x-text="count"></code>
    <button class="btn-greenish" x-on:click="count++">Increment</button>
  </div>
</section>

Now when we start the server with mix phx.server we should have a centered / red title and colored buttons on our counter.

now lets snapshot our PETAL setup:

git add .
git commit -m "Tailwind installed"

Resources

Bill Tihen
Bill Tihen
Developer, Data Enthusiast, Educator and Nature’s Friend

very curious – known to explore knownledge and nature