Lucky Framework with Crystal Language

Basics of Lucky: Relationships, Types, Forms and Language Tweeks

Purpose

My goal is to have a simple tutorial to understand and use basic Lucky framework features. I recommend this as a great platform if you work in English and publish in English.

If internationalization and or other languages and language flexibility are important to you and your work, then I recommend Rails or Phoenix. If/when internationalization and language flexibility become easier - I’ll probably switch to Lucky.

Why Lucky

  1. Lucky offers all the features I use in Rails - but is type safe and faster than rails.
  2. Lucky’s focus is on run-time stability (its not the fastest Crystal Framework, but it faster than rails).
  3. The code / structure is well organized.
  4. The Lucky Discord community is extremely helpful!
  5. The Docs are generally good when you are investigating a specific component & when that is missing - the codebase can be searched (and the code is clear)

See: https://luckyframework.org/guides/getting-started/why-lucky for a full list of what Lucky aims to improve.

PS - I didn’t try out more advanced features such as file uploads, remote file storage, sending emails, etc. These are all common in the apps I write.

Why Not Lucky (0.27)

I am hoping that Lucky 1.0 will address much of the following.

  1. I found I had to read a lot of docs (scattered over many locations) & experiment to grock the basic design/mindset what do for common simple things: (like making a field optional and how to adapt a shared / component form)
  2. There aren’t many Stack Overflow or Blogs describing basic usage.
  3. The docs in some cases are incomplete, misleading or have missing information and are not oriented to getting doing the things a framework beginner needs to know.
  4. The helper scripts don’t help with Relationships - that must be done by hand
  5. Language support is very hard to accomplish - I was never able to reliably use the inflector.
  6. Setting up internationalization is time consuming and manual and as far as I can tell possibly not easy to integrate with the inflector.

The language support is a BIGGIE for me - living in a country where we regularly work with multiple language (Rails and/or Phoenix have much better i18n support)!

I don’t see the lack of Stack Overflow articles as such a big problem since the Lucky Discord group is so helpful.

Resources

This article is a collection of making sense of the following resources

Installing Lucky

For more information see: https://luckyframework.org/guides/getting-started/installing

The brew install of lucky (on a MacOS) is bit broken, but the Linux install technique works well on MacOS!

First be sure openssl and postgresql are installed and findable:

brew install openssl postgresql

# and depending on your shell either (if you don't know which it is safe to do both):
echo 'export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/pkgconfig' >>~/.zshrc
echo 'export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/pkgconfig' >>~/.bash_profile

# IMPORTANT - OPEN a new terminal

# or if you know what shell you are using you can reload it with source!
source ~/.bash_profile

Now install (or be sure ASDF is installed). https://asdf-vm.com/#/core-manage-asdf-vm

brew install asdf
# assuming bash
echo -e "\n. $(brew --prefix asdf)/asdf.sh" >> ~/.bash_profile
echo -e "\n. $(brew --prefix asdf)/etc/bash_completion.d/asdf.bash" >> ~/.bash_profile

# or zsh
echo -e "\n. $(brew --prefix asdf)/asdf.sh" >> ${ZDOTDIR:-~}/.zshrc

Now we add asdf plugin for crystal:

asdf plugin-add crystal https://github.com/asdf-community/asdf-crystal.git

For both Ruby and Crystal the following is also helpful:

echo "legacy_version_file = yes" >>~/.asdfrc

Lucky 0.27 needs Crystal 0.36.1 (not Crystal 1.0.0) - so we install it with:

asdf install crystal 0.36.1

I like to the local folder to crystal 0.36.1 (& the node version too) - this will allow use to install and run the lucky-cli tool

echo "cyrstal 0.36.1" >> .tool-versions
echo "node 14.16.0" >> .tool-versions

(but you can also just use: asdf global crystal 0.36.1 - so you don’t have to set the crystal version in every file you work in)!

Now let’s install lucky_cli & also lucky

git clone https://github.com/luckyframework/lucky_cli
cd lucky_cli
git checkout v0.27.0
shards install

# if this following step fails (you probably forgot to reload your shell after the openssl lib path update)
crystal build src/lucky.cr

# make your compiled lucky_cli available everywhere
mv lucky /usr/local/bin

Now if you check your settings you should get:

lucky -v
# This should return 0.27.0

node -v
# should be 12.x or greater

yarn -v
# should be 1.x or greater

psql --version
# should be 10.x or greater

Start a Lucky Project

Create your new Lucky project with the wizzard (just answer questions) - other options are at: https://luckyframework.org/guides/getting-started/starting-project

lucky init
cd {project_name}

# update the db settings in: `config/database.cr`

# if this step fails you may have forgotten to reload the shell after updating the openssl path
script/setup

# run lucky with:
lucky dev

Ok lets do an initial commit:

git add .
git commit -m "initial commit after create"

Quick Lucky Test Tip

Lets quickly test our new config wiht lucky exec - type:

lucky exec

This gives you an edit in your cli and you can type a small amount of code and it will be compiles and print you the results - ie:

lucky exec
# then when vim or nano opens you can enter something like:

require "../../src/app.cr"

include Lucky::TextHelpers

pp pluralize(2, "human")

and hopefuly you get 2 humans - cool - it works lets snapshot our changes.

git add .
git commit -m "language inflection updates and customization"

Scaffold a Simple Resource

https://luckyframework.org/guides/command-line-tasks/built-in

Now if we try again (we are free to use human again):

lucky gen.resource.browser Human name:String

Now lets run the migration:

lucky db.migrate

# oops I haven't create the DB yet
lucky db.create

# now migrate
lucky db.migrate

# start lucky & test
lucky dev

Now log_in and create humans at the /humans url

Cool - lets snapshot:

git add .
git commit -m "First simple 'Human' resource with scaffold"

https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/database/models#belongs-to https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/database/models#has-many-one-to-many https://luckyframework.org/guides/database/migrations#associations

Unfortunately, the Lucky generators don’t understand belongs_to so we will need to do a few extra tweeks – since we can’t do something like human:belongs_to or human:references like with Rails.

So if we want to scaffold “pets” now and have them belong to humans (and humans can have many pets) - we first do:

lucky gen.resource.browser Pet name:String breed:String species:String age:Int32 house_trained:Bool

Now let’s setup the relationships:

First we need to update the migration with the human foreign_key using: add_belongs_to

So we need to update our pets migration to:

# db/migrations/yyyymmddxxxxxx_create_pets.cr
class CreatePets::V20210502100912 < Avram::Migrator::Migration::V1
  def migrate
    create table_for(Pet) do
      primary_key id : Int64
      add_timestamps
      add name : String
      add breed : String
      add species : String
      add age : Int32
      add house_trained : Bool

      # When the associated human is deleted, their pets are also deleted
      # because we set on_delete: :cascade
      add_belongs_to human : Human, on_delete: :cascade    # relationship - newly added
    end
  end

  def rollback
    drop table_for(Pet)
  end
end

Now that the pets database table will is correct - lets update the pet model too. This is straight-forward we just need to add belongs_to human : Human in the model file so it changes to:

# src/models/pet.cr
class Pet < BaseModel
  table do
    column name : String
    column breed : String     # column breed : String? - makes this field optional
    column species : String
    column age : Int32
    column house_trained : Bool

    belongs_to human : Human  # relationship - newly added
  end
end

now we need to add has_many to the Human model. So we change it to:

# src/models/human.cr
class Human < BaseModel
  table do
    column name : String

    has_many pets : Pet    # relationship - newly added
  end
end

Now we can migrate:

lucky db.migrate

Lucky HTML and RootPage Routing

https://luckycasts.com/videos/lucky-html-in-crystal https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/http-and-routing/routing-and-params#root-page

If we look in src/actions/home/index.cr we see:

# src/actions/home/index.cr
class Home::Index < BrowserAction
  include Auth::AllowGuests

  get "/" do
    if current_user?
      redirect Me::Show
    else
      # html Landing::IndexPage
      html Lucky::WelcomePage
    end
  end
end

As we can see - when we are not logged in “/” points to Lucky::WelcomePage or whatever new landing page we make and when logged in we are pointed to the Me::Show page.

Let practice adding some html and add links to our expected resources:

  • ‘/humans’
  • ‘/pets’

So lets change this too and practice lucky html

We will add our list of resources - ‘pets’ and ‘humans’.

So from looking at the existing html in src/pages/me/show_page.cr it’s like a combo of haml and JS to create executable blocks with {} so I created the method: private def resource_links and tried out two methods of linking - not bad, but I figure it will take a bit of practice with this new format. I don’t know the reason behind this, since almost all web resources will need to be reformatted - but I assume it is pre-compiled and thus fast!

In the end I created this:

# src/pages/me/show_page.cr
class Me::ShowPage < MainLayout
  def content
    h1 "This is your profile:"
    h2 "Email:  #{@current_user.email}"
    resource_links
    helpful_tips
  end

  private def resource_links
    h2 "Available Resources"
    ul do
      li { a "Pet Owners", href: "/humans" }
      li { link_to_pets }
    end
  end

  private def helpful_tips
    h3 "Next, you may want to:"
    ul do
      li { link_to_authentication_guides }
      li "Modify this page: src/pages/me/show_page.cr"
      li "Change where you go after sign in: src/actions/home/index.cr"
    end
  end

  private def link_to_pets
    a "Pets", href: "/pets"
  end

  private def link_to_authentication_guides
    a "Check out the authentication guides",
      href: "https://luckyframework.org/guides/authentication"
  end
end

lets test it out:

lucky dev

cool - good enough for now.

git add .
git commit -m "added html links to user_home_page 'me'"

Seed Files

https://dev.to/hinchy/setting-up-a-crud-app-in-lucky-jo1 https://luckyframework.org/guides/database/database-setup#seeding-data

Now we can create seed files and be sure our basic relations work:

Lets test our building a model and the Lucky mechanisms before we get fancy with relationships and in particular polymorphism.

https://luckyframework.org/guides/tutorial/new-resource

So we will generate an animal resource - using a full stack generator:

lucky gen.resource.browser Animal nick_name:String species:String
lucky db.migrate

Now let’s create some sample data in tasks/db/seed/sample_data.cr - via the seed task - from these instructions: https://luckyframework.org/guides/database/database-setup#seeding-data as our base.

We will start by using what’s used to save when we create new records with incomming data. SaveAnimal.create!(nick_name: "racky coon") so now our file will look like:

# tasks/db/seed/sample_data.cr
require "../../../spec/support/factories/**"

class Db::Seed::SampleData < LuckyTask::Task
  summary "Add sample database records helpful for development"

  def call
    SavePet.create!(nick_name: "racky coon")

    puts "Done adding sample data"
  end
end

We test this with:

lucky db.seed.sample_data

assuming this runs we should be able to view this data in our db (I often use the cli - but you might also want to use: dbgate https://dbgate.org/):

psql
\l
\c lucky_poly_development
select * from animals;

cool - lets try a factory too - these are especially help when complex and building relationships, etc:

# spec/support/factories/animal_factory.cr
class AnimalFactory < Avram::Factory
  def initialize
    nick_name "Nick Name"
  end
end

now lets try using our factory in the seed file:

# tasks/db/seed/sample_data.cr
require "../../../spec/support/factories/**"

class Db::Seed::SampleData < LuckyTask::Task
  summary "Add sample database records helpful for development"

  def call
    SaveAnimal.create!(nick_name: "racky coon", species: "racoon")

    # using a factory: https://luckyframework.org/guides/testing/creating-test-data#factory-create
    AnimalFactory.create do |factory|
      factory.nick_name("Dyno")
      factory.species("Dog")
    end

    # a shortcut way to write a block in crystal, see: https://crystal-lang.org/reference/syntax_and_semantics/blocks_and_procs.html#short-one-argument-syntax
    AnimalFactory.create &.nick_name("Shiné").species("cat")

    puts "Done adding sample data"
  end
end

test again with:

lucky db.seed.sample_data

Sweet, let’s snapshot and try more complex stuff!

git add .
git commit -m "add a simple model and seed data in it"

Simple Lucky Forms (in pages instead of shared)

https://luckycasts.com/videos/component-basics https://luckycasts.com/videos/lucky-html-in-crystal https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/html-forms https://dev.to/hinchy/setting-up-a-crud-app-in-lucky-jo1 https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/html-forms#shared-components

Lets test the web page

lucky dev

and go to the url /pets and create a Pet.

We discover we have problems - validation errors.

  • Type mismatches (crystal is strongly typed - but the form generator ignores this - so we need to adjust by hans)
  • Required human_id is missing (the generator isn’t aware of belongs_to)

I didn’t find lots of Documentation or examples on Components, but I did find this article - which got me started on Lucky html and forms: https://dev.to/hinchy/setting-up-a-crud-app-in-lucky-jo1

After I figured out how to update FormComponents I found this: https://luckycasts.com/videos/component-basics - I’ll go back and view this!

This got me going! However, one difficulty I had was the Boolean field house_trained - I tried both Checkboxes and Radio Buttons, but I kept getting overload errors (which I finally realized were type mis-matches - you can’t send text into a Boolean field). So I settled on a select_list where I can present a tuple with a “human readable value” and a “model value”.

So in the end my first draft form looked like:

# src/pages/pets/new_page.cr
class Pets::NewPage < MainLayout
  needs operation : SavePet
  quick_def page_title, "New Pet"

  def content
    h1 "New Pet"
    render_pet_form(operation)
  end

  def render_pet_form(op)
    # comment out the form component for now
    # form_for Pets::Create do
    #   # Edit fields in src/components/pets/form_fields.cr
    #   mount Pets::FormFields, op

    #   submit "Save", data_disable_with: "Saving..."
    # end

    form_for Pets::Create do
      div do
        label_for op.name
        text_input op.name
      end
      div do
        label_for op.species
        select_input(op.species, class: "custom-select") do
          select_prompt("Select")
          options_for_select(op.species, [{"Cat", "cat"}, {"Dog", "dog"}])
        end
      end
      # eventually allow for this to be blank
      # eventually allow a dropdown list to be dependent on species
      div do
        label_for op.breed
        text_input op.breed
      end
      div do
        label_for op.age
        number_input(op.age, class: "custom-input", min: "0", max: "99")
      end
      div do
        label_for op.house_trained
        select_input(op.house_trained, class: "custom-select") do
          select_prompt("Select")
          options_for_select(op.house_trained, [{"yes", true}, {"No", false}])
        end
      end
      div do
        label_for op.human_id
        select_input op.human_id do
          options_for_select(op.human_id, humans_for_select)
        end
      end
      submit "Save Pet"
    end
  end

  # find all the humans and create a tuple of the name and id - displayed and passed to model
  private def humans_for_select
    HumanQuery.new.map do |human|
      { human.name, human.id }
    end
  end
end

of course this isn’t shared by the edit page, but it is still helpful to see the Lucky way to create html.

So after a while I figured out how to revert this code and use SharedForms (I think this is a form of FrontEnd Components).

Lets test again:

lucky dev

Cool it works as I expect

git add .
git commit -m "a working 'new' html form - not shared"

Shared Web Form - Component

https://luckycasts.com/videos/component-basics https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/html-forms https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/html-forms#shared-components

With a little more experience with Lucky HTML lets try the component forms again at src/components/pets/form_fields.cr (so lets revert: src/pages/pets/new_page.cr back to:

# src/pages/pets/new_page.cr
class Pets::NewPage < MainLayout
  needs operation : SavePet
  quick_def page_title, "New Pet"

  def content
    h1 "New Pet"
    render_pet_form(operation)
  end

  def render_pet_form(op)
    form_for Pets::Create do
      # Edit fields in src/components/pets/form_fields.cr
      mount Pets::FormFields, op

      submit "Save", data_disable_with: "Saving..."
    end
  end
end

Once I had build the first form and understood the errors - so the same form as a form_component looks like:

# src/components/pets/form_fields.cr
class Pets::FormFields < BaseComponent
  needs operation : SavePet

  def render
    mount Shared::Field, operation.name, &.text_input(autofocus: "true")
    mount Shared::Field, operation.species do |input_html|
      input_html.select_input append_class: "select-input" do
        select_prompt("Select")
        options_for_select operation.species, [{"Dog", "dog"}, {"Cat", "cat"}]
      end
    end
    mount Shared::Field, operation.breed
    mount Shared::Field, operation.age, &.number_input(append_class: "custom-input", min: "0", max: "99")
    mount Shared::Field, operation.house_trained do |input_html|
      input_html.select_input append_class: "select-input" do
        select_prompt("Select")
        options_for_select operation.house_trained, [{"yes", true}, {"no", false}]
      end
    end
    mount Shared::Field, operation.human_id do |input_html|
      input_html.select_input append_class: "select-input" do
        select_prompt("Select")
        options_for_select operation.human_id, options_for_humans
      end
    end
  end

  private def options_for_humans
    HumanQuery.new.map do |human|
      { human.name, human.id }
    end
  end
end

NOTE:

  1. the documentation has several examples with: attrs: [:required] in the form. This does client side validation (will not even submit the form if empty). I don’t recommend using this generally.

  2. if you don’t put anything next to the variable a text input without anything more than the errors are assumed &.text_input()

Lets test again:

lucky dev

cool - lets snapshot:

git add .
git commit -m "working shared form component with a variety of types"

Redirect after Create / Update to Index

https://luckyframework.org/guides/http-and-routing/routing-and-params

I find it annoying after creating and updating a resource to have to then manually go back to the index page from the show page.

In lucky the routing/controll happens in the action files.

To change what happens after creating and updating a Pet we simply change src/actions/pets/create.cr to:

# src/actions/pets/create.cr
class Pets::Create < BrowserAction
  post "/pets" do
    SavePet.create(params) do |operation, pet|
      if pet
        flash.success = "The record has been saved"
        html IndexPage, pets: PetQuery.new  # new action (copied from index)
        # redirect Show.with(pet.id)        # old no longer wanted
      else
        flash.failure = "It looks like the form is not valid"
        html NewPage, operation: operation
      end
    end
  end
end

And update src/actions/pets/update.cr is similarly easy:

# src/actions/pets/update.cr
class Pets::Update < BrowserAction
  put "/pets/:pet_id" do
    pet = PetQuery.find(pet_id)
    SavePet.update(pet, params) do |operation, updated_pet|
      if operation.saved?
        flash.success = "The record has been updated"
        html IndexPage, pets: PetQuery.new
        # redirect Show.with(updated_pet.id)
      else
        flash.failure = "It looks like the form is not valid"
        html EditPage, operation: operation, pet: updated_pet
      end
    end
  end
end

I appreciate how explicit these are!

Optional Fields

Often a breed is unknown - we could just add an unknown value, but that’s silly, lets figure out how to work with unknown / unneeded data and allow nil in our breed field.

Since Crystal is strongly typed - one needs to explicitly mark that a field can be nil with ? - you can see the docs here: https://luckyframework.org/guides/database/models#adding-a-column

So to make breed optional we will change the pets model to:

class Pet < BaseModel
  table do
    column name : String
    column species : String
    column breed : String?  # adding `?` makes the field optional (nil-able)
    column age : Int32
    column house_trained : Bool

    # relations
    belongs_to owner : Owner
  end
end

Now when I run lucky - I’ll expect to find some errors - (probably in a view saying I need null protecction). However instead I get:

Unhandled exception: Pet has defined 'breed' as nilable (String?), but the database column does not allow nils.
web          |
web          | Either mark the column as required in Pet:
web          |
web          |   # Remove the '?'
web          |   column breed : String
web          |
web          | Or, make the column optional in a migration:
web          |
web          |   ▸ Generate a migration:
web          |
web          |       lucky gen.migration MakePetBreedOptional
web          |
web          |   ▸ Make the column optional:
web          |
web          |       make_optional :pets, :breed

Oddly, I don’t see anything in the migration Docs https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/database/migrations about marking a file optional (nor how to make it optional in the original migration). Since we w

But lets try:

lucky gen.migration MakePetBreedOptional

Hmm, the error says what to put in the migration, but not the rollback, lets search the luckyframework repos and see what we find: https://github.com/luckyframework/avram/blob/f676a9a7d2e70d74891ad686039bf393983d0760/src/avram/migrator/statement_helpers.cr

Here we see what the options are so lets edit the migration to look like:

class MakePetBreedOptional::V20210507125901 < Avram::Migrator::Migration::V1
  def migrate
    make_optional :pets, :breed
    # alter table_for(Pet) do
    #   make_optional :breed
    # end
  end

  def rollback
    # query for breed fields that are nil and fill them BEFORE making the field REQUIRED!
    PetQuery.new.breed.is_nil.each do |pet|
      SavePet.update!(pet, breed: "unknown")
    end
    # this would work too, but might as well let the db do the heavy lifting
    # PetQuery.new.each do |pet|
    #   SavePet.update!(pet, breed: "unknown") if pet.breed.nil?
    # end

    # simple way of making ONE field required
    make_required :pets, :breed

    # this would be better when changing lots of fields
    # alter table_for(Pet) do
    #   make_required :breed
    # end
  end
end

OK - lets try again:

lucky dev

Cool it works - lets make a new record - with an null value.

Lets look at the record within postgresql:

psql -d pets_development
select * from pets;

 id |       created_at       |       updated_at       | name  | breed | species | age | house_trained | owner_id
----+------------------------+------------------------+-------+-------+---------+-----+---------------+----------
  1 | 2021-05-07 15:23:28+02 | 2021-05-07 15:23:28+02 | Nyima |       | dog     |  11 | t             |        1
\q

Now let’s be sure our rollback works. Notice - before we make it required we find records with nil values and fill them unknown. An example of adding data logic within a migration can be found at: https://luckyframework.org/guides/database/migrations#using-fill_existing_with-and-default-values

lucky db.rollback

OK - good the migration didn’t crash - lets check the DB.


psql -d pets_development
select * from pets;

 id |       created_at       |       updated_at       | name  |  breed  | species | age | house_trained | owner_id
----+------------------------+------------------------+-------+---------+---------+-----+---------------+----------
  1 | 2021-05-07 15:23:28+02 | 2021-05-07 16:28:55+02 | Nyima | unknown | dog     |  11 | t             |        1
\q

Nice it worked.

Display Validation Errors

If we leave some fields out - Lucky gives us validation errors - all fields appear to be required without explicitly allowing nils - but we don’t see them with our default form. Lets fix that.

Add Validations

Let’s add a few custom validations:

  • minimal pet_name length
  • numeric range

Tests for our Validations

Now that we have some logic lets add some tests

Pretty URLs

Looks interesting and easy

Lucky PubSub

Bulma Integration

Integrate CSS Frameworks

View Components

https://luckycasts.com/videos/component-basics https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/rendering-html#creating-and-using-components

Tailwind Integration

https://luckycasts.com/videos/tailwind-css

Let’s make the pages a bit nicer

HTML to Lucky formatter

https://luckyframework.org/html

If we want to create some more complex pages with tailwind - lets use the converted to help.

Dynamic Front-end - Selections Dependencies (AlpineJS / StimulusJS) ?

https://luckycasts.com/videos/stimulus-js

Make the breed list, dependent on the species list Lets change the Front-End language on the fly Lets make the new TailwindUI menu bar have the dynamic features.

Has many through

https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/database/models#has-many-through-many-to-many

Polymorphic Relationships

https://www.luckyframework.org/guides/database/models#polymorphic-associations

One reason I favor Lucky is the database Avram supports polymorphic relationships - which seems to come up a lot in my code - so lets see how to get it working and support multiple types:

Pets -> Cats, Dogs, Horses, etc

Optional Relations

Internationalization (i18n)

https://luckycasts.com/videos/translations https://luckyframework.org/guides/frontend/internationalization

Dynamic i18n in Front-End?

Components (with scopes)

Lucky Code Scopes

Resource Authorization

https://github.com/stephendolan/pundit

Web Sockets

For now something like LiveView and Hotwire are not yet integrated into lucky - its build your own.

https://github.com/cable-cr/cable https://github.com/luckyframework/lucky/issues/554

Deploying Lucky & ENV

https://fullstackstanley.com/read/categories/lucky-framework/

Security (Alternatives)

https://github.com/grottopress/shield

Message / Events - Queues

Language Inflections

Let’s make a little silly Human and Pets database/webpage:

The simplest way to generate is with: lucky gen.resource.browser its basically the same as rails g scaffold

So lets get started:

lucky gen.resource.browser Human name:String

OOPS - that generated the plural of Human as Humen instead of Humans!

lets clear all our incorrect files and fix this:

git clean -fd

Now let’s create a new config file for inflections config/inflect.cr and enter:

# this probably isn't necessary for very long - but for now it is needed.
Wordsmith::Inflector.inflections.irregular("human", "humans")

# I like using persons (also a dictionary word) over people, to do this we need
# - first we have to remove the original setting by doing:
Wordsmith::Inflector.inflections.plurals.delete(/(p)erson$/i)
# - now we can override the original with our preference
Wordsmith::Inflector.inflections.irregular("person", "persons")

# if using `staff` as in human staff - then also add staff to uncountable:
Wordsmith::Inflector.inflections.uncountable(%w(staff))

https://github.com/luckyframework/wordsmith/blob/master/src/wordsmith/inflections.cr

# config/inflector.cr
module Wordsmith
  Inflector.inflections.clear

  Inflector.inflections.plural(/$/, "s")
  Inflector.inflections.plural(/s$/i, "s")

  # etc, etc, etc

  Inflector.inflections.irregular("human", "humans")
  Inflector.inflections.irregular("person", "persons")
end

Now if we try again we will have the same problem! We need to remove our binaries and recompile lucky with our need config! (I lost a lot of time on this detail)! Do this with:

rm -rf lib && rm -rf bin && shards update

Now we can try to create a new Resource again.

Bill Tihen
Bill Tihen
Developer, Data Enthusiast, Educator and Nature’s Friend

very curious – known to explore knownledge and nature